The past decade has seen a remarkable increase in the popularity of blockchain technology, attributed largely to its famous use case: cryptocurrency assets. These evolved technologies’ capabilities have led to more users, transactions, and explorations of various applications with far-reaching implications for revolutionizing our world. Nevertheless, scalability has proven to be a difficult obstacle for blockchain technology. The decentralized and secure public networks are not always capable of providing the needed throughput growth as demand increases. In the following paragraphs, we’ll explore the two most prominent blockchain scaling solutions referred to as Layer 1 and Layer 2. For more information, you can visit bitalpha-ai.com.
What is Layer 1?
The first layer is layer one, which is another name for the fundamental blockchain. It received its name because it’s the primary framework that manages the network’s functions. Scaling strategies for layer 1 are frequently known as on-chain marketing. To put it one other way, several networks are known as layer one networks since they’ve their very own token and can process and accomplish transactions by themselves blockchain. Furthermore, the main benefit of a layer 1 network is it doesn’t call for some customization of its current architecture.
How does Layer 1 operate?
There’re many choices available to owners of Layer 1 blockchains when it comes to the services they get through these networks. They symbolize a boost in throughput as well as the total network capability. When taking a look at blockchains that use Proof of Work consensus, a shift to Proof of Stake might be an alternative for them to improve their transactions per second (TPS) together with lowering the processing charges.
Ways for scaling issues on Layer 1 networks usually are presented by the development staff of the project. Regarding the solution, the community of the system needs to hard fork or maybe soft fork the system. For example, the SegWit upgrade of Bitcoin. Smaller changes, for example, the SegWit upgrade for Bitcoin, are likewise backward compatible. Although modifications are bigger, for instance raising Bitcoin’s block size to 8MB, will require a hard fork.
What is Layer 2?
As their title indicates, the Layer 2 blockchains operate based on blockchains to enhance the efficiency and scalability of the system. Being a layer 2 scaling alternative, the process calls for the transfer of a portion of the transactional ton of the blockchain process to alter the structure of the system. Subsequently, the system takes care of the coding burden and gives it to the chief blockchain to finalize the result.
How does Layer 2 operate?
Since layer 2 networks operate in addition to the basic network, you will find three well-known methods that are generally employed. They are:
Blockchain sidechains are independent blockchain systems having their very own validators. What exactly does all of this mean? This suggests the bridging smart contract on the major chain doesn’t confirm the validity of the sidechain system. These types of workings call for assurance that the sidechain is running right since it manages the assets of the initial chain.
The nested blockchains work by the procedures as well as conditions established by the parent chain. The major chain doesn’t take part in the completion of transactions as well as its function if needed is restricted to the settlement of conflicts.
Also referred to as Zero-Knowledge Rollups. They’re a group of off-chain Layer 2 transactions that are subsequently delivered to the primary chain as a single transaction. Rollup systems are utilized to verify proofs to validate the validity of transactions. Although the assets are kept with a bridging smart contract on the initial chain, the smart contract which confirms the rollup consistently works as designed.