Mood disorders are mental health conditions that adversely affect an individual’s emotions. Mood disorders are known to create continuous sadness and sometimes anger. Mood disorders are often treatable, sometimes using medication and sometimes using psychotherapy, and at other times utilizing both medication and psychotherapy.
In this context, it is relevant to say that it is a normal thing for moods to alter. However, diagnosis of mood disorders is extremely important. To diagnose a mood disorder, the various symptoms of mood disorders must be present for several weeks. It is vital to understand that mood disorders can alter an individual’s behavior; they can also affect that person’s ability to perform at school or work. The most common types of mood disorders are bipolar disorder and depression.
Types of Mood Disorders
This section of the blog discusses the different types of mood disorders, and they are as follows:-
- Bipolar disorders
- Depression and its types
- Disruptive mood dysregulations disorders
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorders
Symptoms of Mood Disorders
There can be different symptoms of mood disorders, and they are listed as follows:-
- Feeling of sadness
- Feeling hopeless and worthless
- Fewer interests in activities that are joyful
- Feeling of sluggishness
- Difficulty in focusing and concentrating
- A feeling of death and suicides
- Sleeping excessively or very little
- Overeating and loss of appetite
- Feeling elated or energized
- Racing thoughts
- Restlessness, agitation, irritation
- Rapid speech and rapid movement
- Risk-taking attitudes
What causes mood disorders?
This section of the blog discusses the different causes of mood disorders. The factors that cause mood disorders are listed as follows:-
Individuals with a family history of mood disorders are more susceptible to suffering from this disease or medical condition.
The regions of the brain that are known to control emotions and feelings are the orbitofrontal cortex and amygdala. People who suffer from mood disorders are known to have a larger amygdala upon doing brain-imaging tests in acclaimed mood disorder clinic.
Stressed-up life, chronic diseases, traumatic events, abuses, and death of near and dear ones are some environmental factors known to cause mood disorders.
Diagnosis of Mood DisordersIf you are exhibiting symptoms of mood disorders, then it is advised that you visit a medical practitioner. The doctor needs to make sure that the symptoms are not related to any physiological causes like vitamin deficiencies or illnesses. If a person is diagnosed with a mood disorder, they are often referred to a mental health professional. A mental health professional or psychiatrist is known to diagnose and treat cases of mood disorders.
Treatment of Mood DisordersTreatment of mood disorders involves a mix of psychotherapy and medicines. Other types of treatment that can be useful for the treatment of the medical condition involve brain stimulation therapies.
Mood Disorders Medications
The medications that are often administered for mood disorders are as follows:-
- Mood Stabilizers
- Antipsychotics or Neuroleptics
Psychotherapy treatments for mood disorders include CBT, DBT, and psychodynamic therapy. If you are an individual who is suffering from mood disorders, then you can visit health centers and mood disorder clinics like Forward Thinking Psychological Services now for advanced treatment and care.