Drones are used for a variety of purposes in the surveying and mapping industry. They are widely used to conduct 3D mapping, photogrammetry, topographic surveying and land surveys effectively. Whether you want to get deeper insights into how drones work or want to add another one to your kitty, this article provides all the information you need to have about drones and drone surveying.
What is a drone survey?
Surveying is a process in which engineers can determine the positions of the points and the distance between them, both in 2D and 3D space. This information is useful to make all important decisions and help maintain the infrastructure, delineating property boundaries, and construction site planning. For a drone survey, you consider the basic principles and gather information using drones. Once the points are finalized, the drone will record all the spatial information by flying around the space.
How does drone survey work?
It applies downward facing sensors for above the ground aerial survey. They take images using RGB and multispectral cameras. That apart, some drones are equipped with LiDAR payloads for collecting information. To capture photographs of the ground at different angles, the drone uses the RGB cameras, with each angle tagged to exact coordinates.
How do drones collect data?
Drones gather data from GSI, also called the Geographic Information System. Drones visualize and map out locations using this information. Though Geographic Information System is the primary source for data collection, drones can be equipped with other collection tools also. Drones are capable of interpreting data in real-time, i.e., with the new technology, it is possible to convert all the raw data into useful information. Thus GIS technology helps drone to work while it is still in the air.
What drones are used for surveying?
Drones come in a number of varieties. If you are someone who is in need of survey drone, make sure it has certain specific features. Though drones are usually equipped with multirotor, a fixed-wing rotor is something that can help mapping surveys greatly. Though they do not score much on ease in flying, they are equipped with good surveying capabilities. Apart from being able to gliding through the air, they can stay for longer time in air when compared to the one equipped with a multi-rotor.
As aerial mapping needs you to operate the drone across a particular space number of times, you can buy one that is programmed for having autonomous flight. Otherwise, in case you cannot program for an autonomous flight, you should use software for creating a flight path. Then you can transfer the information into the remote control for drone take the programmed flight.
Aerial survey involves covering large areas of land and not many drones are capable of covering the vast area in a single cycle of battery. When constantly interrupted, it will waste away precious time from the job. Therefore, finding a commercial model to fly for at least 30 minutes without interruptions can save good time, so that you can complete the survey without having to change the batteries.
Aerial surveying depends on photogrammetry
Photogrammetry involves geotagged photos to estimate the dimension on the ground. To achieve this, the drone you use should be equipped with a camera to capture 4K videos and 12MP photos for all 3D mapping jobs. In case you are looking for survey drones, Dolphin Media should be your destination.